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      Income and Output

      VIRGINIA
      (Rank)
      (Rank)
      (Rank)
      (Rank)
      Gross Domestic Product, in millions (2017p)
      $508,662
      (12)
      Gross Domestic Product Growth (2007-2017p)
      0.8%
      (32)
      Per Capita Personal Income (2017p)
      $54,244
      (13)
      Per Capita Personal Income Change (2000-2010)
      39.7%
      (18)
      Per Capita Personal Income Change (2010-2017p)
      19.6%
      (39)
      Per Capita Personal Income Growth (2012-2017p)
      2.5%
      (37)
      Median Household Income, in Dollars (2016)
      $66,451
      (14)
       No selections available

      Workforce

      VIRGINIA
      (Rank)
      (Rank)
      (Rank)
      (Rank)
      Total Population (2017)
      8,470,020
      (12)
      Population Change (2000-2010)
      13.0%
      (16)
      Population Change (1990-2000)
      14.4%
      (16)
      Population Change (2010-2017)
      5.9%
      (19)
      Total Civilian Labor Force (2017)
      4,307,753
      Total Number of Persons Employed (2017)
      4,146,134
      Total Number of Persons Unemployed (2017)
      161,619
      Unemployment Rate (2017)
      3.8%
      (19)
      Labor Force Participation Rate (2017)
      65.2%
      (18)
      Nonagricultural Employment (2017)
      3,951,000
      (12)
      Nonagricultural Employment Change (2010-2017)
      8.3%
      (27)
      Nonagricultural Employment Change (2000-2010)
      3.6%
      (14)
      Nonagricultural Employment Growth (2012-2017)
      1.1%
      (31)
      Manufacturing Employment (2017)
      234,100
      (22)
      Manufacturing Employment Change (2010-2017)
      1.6%
      (37)
      Manufacturing Employment Change (2000-2010)
      -36.6%
      (39)
      Manufacturing Employment as % of Nonagricultural Employment (2017)
      5.9%
      (36)
      Professional and Business Services Employment (2017)
      728,500
      (7)
      Professional and Business Services Employment Change (2010-2017)
      12.0%
      (44)
      Professional and Business Services Employment Change (2000-2010)
      14.5%
      (13)
      Service Employment as % of Nonagricultural Employment (2017)
      18.4%
      (2)
      Net Tech Workforce as a Percent of Total Workforce, 2017
      9.9%
      (3)
      Right-to-Work Law (2018)
      Yes
      Workers Covered by Unions (2017)
      5.9%
      (9)
      Union Membership (2017)
      4.6%
      Private Sector Union Membership (2017)
      2.5%
       No selections available

      Education

      VIRGINIA
      (Rank)
      (Rank)
      (Rank)
      (Rank)
      High School Diploma or More (2016)
      89.3%
      (28)
      Bachelor's Degree or Higher (2016)
      38.1%
      (7)
      Institutions of Higher Education (2016-2017)
      124
      (10)
      Enrollment in Higher Education Institutions (Fall 2016)
      557,461
      (11)
      Science and Engineering Graduate Students (2016)
      14,926
      (15)
      Science and Engineering Doctorate Recipients (2016)
      1,085
      (13)
      SAT Score Averages (2017)
      1102\561\541
      High School Graduates Taking SAT (2017)
      65.0%
      (14)
      High School Seniors Taking an AP Exam (2013)
      44.1%
      (5)
      Percent of High School Seniors with a 3+ AP Score (2016)
      28.3%
      (6)
      Expenditures per Pupil in Public Schools (2014-2015)
      $11,235
      (23)
       No selections available

      Cost of Doing Business

      VIRGINIA
      (Rank)
      (Rank)
      (Rank)
      (Rank)
      State and Average Local Sales Tax (2018)
      5.30%
      (7)
      State and Local Taxes per Capita (2014-2015)
      $4,465
      (28)
      State and Local Taxes per $1000 Income (2014-2015)
      $86
      (8)
      State Corporate Income Tax (2018)
      6.00%
      (18)
      State Individual Income Tax (2018)
      Yes
      State Level Sales Tax (2018)
      4.30%
      (13)
      Unemployment Insurance Tax Rates ( 2017 est.)
      0.28%
      (7)
      Unemployment Insurance Tax per Employee (2017 est.)
      $125
      (9)
      Taxable Wage Base for Unemployment Insurance (2017 est.)
      $8,000
      (5)
      Workers' Compensation Employer Insurance Costs Per $100 of Payroll (2015)
      $0.77
      (4)
      Weekly Payment for Total Disability (1/1/18)
      $1,043
      (16)
      Average Industrial Electric Rate (2018)
      6.33
      (16)
      Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Industrial Consumers (2016)
      4.42
      (15)
      Average Commercial Electric Rate (2018)
      7.69
      (1)
      Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Commercial Consumers (2016)
      7.23
      (21)
      Average Annual Cost Paid by Employers for Health Premiums for Family Coverage (2017)
      $12,031
      (7)
      Average Annual Cost of Employment-Based Health Premiums for Family Coverage (2017)
      $18,264
      (26)
      Average Hourly Earnings of Production Workers in Manufacturing (2017)
      $19.42
      (17)
       No selections available

      Fiscal Strength

      VIRGINIA
      (Rank)
      (Rank)
      (Rank)
      (Rank)
      General Obligation Bond Ratings (July 2018)
      AAA/Aaa/AAA
      State and Local Long Term Debt per Capita (FY 2014-2015)
      $7,751
      (25)
      Total State Debt per Capita (FY 2015)
      $3,374
      (29)
       No selections available

      Entrepreneurship and Innovation

      VIRGINIA
      (Rank)
      (Rank)
      (Rank)
      (Rank)
      Federal Obligations for R & D (FY 2016)
      6.6%
      (3)
      SBIR Awards (2017)
      223
      (3)
      Value of SBIR Awards, in millions (2017)
      $82.60
      (5)
      Venture Capital Deals (2017)
      84
      (10)
      Value of Venture Capital Deals, in millions (2017)
      $1,031.41
      (10)
      Average Internet Connection Speed (First Quarter 2017)
      21.1
      (8)
      Average Peak Internet Connection Speed (First Quarter 2017)
      101.8
      (7)
       No selections available

      Foreign Direct Investment

      VIRGINIA
      (Rank)
      (Rank)
      (Rank)
      (Rank)
      Foreign Direct Announcements (2017)
      26
      (18)
      Foreign Direct Employment (2017)
      3,214
      (20)
      Foreign Direct Investment, in millions (2017)
      $617.40
      (27)
       No selections available

      Income and Output

      (Rank)
      (Rank)
      (Rank)
      (Rank)
      Gross Domestic Product, in millions (2016)
      Gross Domestic Product Growth (2011-2016)
      Per Capita Personal Income (2016)
      Per Capita Personal Income Change (2010-2016)
      Per Capita Personal Income Change (2000-2010)
      Per Capita Personal Income Growth (2011-2016)
       No selections available

      Workforce

      (Rank)
      (Rank)
      (Rank)
      (Rank)
      Population (2017)
      Population Change (2010-2017)
      Civilian Labor Force (2017)
      Persons Employed (2017)
      Persons Unemployed (2017)
      Unemployment Rate (2017)
      Nonagricultural Employment (2017)
      Nonagricultural Employment Change (2010-2017)
      Nonagricultural Employment Change (2000-2010)
      Nonagricultural Employment Growth (2012-2017)
      Manufacturing Employment (2017)
      Manufacturing Employment Change (2010-2017)
      Manufacturing Employment Change (2000-2010)
      Manufacturing Employment as % of Nonagricultural Employment (2017)
      Professional and Business Services Employment (2017)
      Professional and Business Services Employment Change (2010-2017)
      Professional and Business Services Employment Change (2000-2010)
      Service Employment as % of Nonagricultural Employment (2017)
      Workers Covered by Unions (2017)
      Union Membership (2017)
      Private Sector Union Membership (2017)
       No selections available

      Education

      (Rank)
      (Rank)
      (Rank)
      (Rank)
      High School Diploma or Higher (2016)
      Bachelor's Degree or Higher (2016)
       No selections available

      Cost of Doing Business

      (Rank)
      (Rank)
      (Rank)
      (Rank)
      Human Resources Specialists (May 2017)
      Software Developers, Applications (May 2017)
      Network and Computer Systems Administrators (May 2017)
      Electrical Engineers (May 2017)
      Mechanical Engineers (May 2017)
      First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers (May 2017)
      Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks (May 2017)
      Customer Service Representatives (May 2017)
      Secretaries and Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive (May 2017)
      Industrial Machinery Mechanics (May 2017)
      First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers (May 2017)
      Team Assemblers (May 2017)
      Machinists (May 2017)
      Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers (May 2017)
      Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators (May 2017)
      Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers (May 2017)
      Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders (May 2017)
      First-Line Supervisors of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand (May 2017)
      Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand (May 2017)
      Packers and Packagers, Hand (May 2017)
       No selections available
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      *Employment and unemployment statistics based on NECTA.
      n/a - Data may be subject to suppression or aggregation. See Data Sources.
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